What does a female bladder infection feel like
Back to Health A to Z. But some people experience episodes of cystitis frequently and may need regular or long-term treatment. Women do not necessarily need to see a GP if they have cystitis, as mild cases often get better without treatment. Try some self-help measures or ask a pharmacist for advice. If you have been having mild symptoms for less than 3 days or you have had cystitis before and do not feel you need to see a GP, you may want to treat your symptoms at home or ask a pharmacist for advice.SEE VIDEO BY TOPIC: Urinary Tract Infection - How To Prevent UTI (2018)
SEE VIDEO BY TOPIC: Bladder infection - Causes and treatmentContent:
Is It a Bladder Infection or an Overactive Bladder?
Cystitis sis-TIE-tis is the medical term for inflammation of the bladder. Most of the time, the inflammation is caused by a bacterial infection, and it's called a urinary tract infection UTI. A bladder infection can be painful and annoying, and it can become a serious health problem if the infection spreads to your kidneys.
Less commonly, cystitis may occur as a reaction to certain drugs, radiation therapy or potential irritants, such as feminine hygiene spray, spermicidal jellies or long-term use of a catheter. Cystitis may also occur as a complication of another illness. The usual treatment for bacterial cystitis is antibiotics. Treatment for other types of cystitis depends on the underlying cause. In young children, new episodes of accidental daytime wetting also may be a sign of a urinary tract infection UTI.
Nighttime bed-wetting on its own isn't likely to be associated with a UTI. Seek immediate medical help if you have signs and symptoms common to a kidney infection, including:. If you develop urgent, frequent or painful urination that lasts for several hours or longer or if you notice blood in your urine, call your doctor.
Also call your doctor if cystitis symptoms return after you've finished a course of antibiotics. You may need a different type of medication. The female urinary system — which includes the kidneys, ureters, bladder and urethra — is responsible for removing waste from the body through urine. The kidneys, located in the rear portion of the upper abdomen, produce urine by filtering waste and fluid from the blood.
The male urinary system — which includes the kidneys, ureters, bladder and urethra — is responsible for removing waste from the body through urine. Your urinary system includes your kidneys, ureters, bladder and urethra.
All play a role in removing waste from your body. Your kidneys — a pair of bean-shaped organs located toward the back of your upper abdomen — filter waste from your blood and regulate the concentrations of many substances. Tubes called ureters carry urine from your kidneys to the bladder, where it's stored until it exits your body through the urethra. UTIs typically occur when bacteria outside the body enter the urinary tract through the urethra and begin to multiply.
Most cases of cystitis are caused by a type of Escherichia coli E. Bacterial bladder infections may occur in women as a result of sexual intercourse. But even sexually inactive girls and women are susceptible to lower urinary tract infections because the female genital area often harbors bacteria that can cause cystitis.
Although bacterial infections are the most common cause of cystitis, a number of noninfectious factors also may cause the bladder to become inflamed. Some examples include:. Some people are more likely than others to develop bladder infections or recurrent urinary tract infections.
Women are one such group. A key reason is physical anatomy. Women have a shorter urethra, which cuts down on the distance bacteria must travel to reach the bladder. When treated promptly and properly, bladder infections rarely lead to complications. But left untreated, they can become something more serious. Complications may include:. Kidney infection. An untreated bladder infection can lead to kidney infection, also called pyelonephritis pie-uh-low-nuh-FRY-tis.
Kidney infections may permanently damage your kidneys. Young children and older adults are at the greatest risk of kidney damage from bladder infections because their symptoms are often overlooked or mistaken for other conditions. Blood in the urine. With cystitis, you may have blood cells in your urine that can be seen only with a microscope microscopic hematuria and that usually resolves with treatment.
If blood cells remain after treatment, your doctor may recommend a specialist to determine the cause. Blood in the urine that you can see gross hematuria is rare with typical, bacterial cystitis, but this sign is more common with chemotherapy- or radiation-induced cystitis.
Cranberry juice or tablets containing proanthocyanidin are often recommended to help reduce the risk of recurrent bladder infections for some women.
But research in this area is conflicting. Some smaller studies demonstrated a slight benefit, but larger studies found no significant benefit.
As a home remedy, avoid cranberry juice if you're taking the blood-thinning medication warfarin Coumadin. Possible interactions between cranberry juice and warfarin can lead to bleeding. Although these preventive self-care measures aren't well-studied, doctors sometimes recommend the following for repeated bladder infections:. Cystitis care at Mayo Clinic. Mayo Clinic does not endorse companies or products. Advertising revenue supports our not-for-profit mission. This content does not have an English version.
This content does not have an Arabic version. Overview Cystitis sis-TIE-tis is the medical term for inflammation of the bladder. Request an Appointment at Mayo Clinic. Female urinary system Open pop-up dialog box Close. Female urinary system The female urinary system — which includes the kidneys, ureters, bladder and urethra — is responsible for removing waste from the body through urine.
Male urinary system Open pop-up dialog box Close. Male urinary system The male urinary system — which includes the kidneys, ureters, bladder and urethra — is responsible for removing waste from the body through urine. Share on: Facebook Twitter. Show references Kellerman RD, et al. Bacterial infections of the urinary tract in women. In: Conn's Current Therapy Elsevier; Accessed April 29, Bennett JE, et al. Urinary tract infections. Hooton TM. Uncomplicated urinary tract infection.
New England Journal of Medicine. Stein R, et al. European Urology. Interstitial cystitis. The Merck Manual Professional Edition. A guide to chemotherapy. American Cancer Society. Accessed Jan. Understanding radiation therapy: A guide for patients and families.
Guidelines on urological infections. European Association of Urology. Bladder infection urinary tract infection in adults. National Center for Complementary and Integrative Health. Jepson RG. Cranberries for preventing urinary tract infections.
The Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews. Pietrucha-Dilanchian P, et al. Diagnosis, treatment and prevention of urinary tract infection. Microbiology spectrum. Castle EP expert opinion. Mayo Clinic. Related Bladder infection in men Chronic bladder infection.
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Urinary Tract Infection - Female
A urinary tract infection UTI is an infection in the urinary tract. The urinary tract includes the kidneys, the bladder and the urethra. The kidneys are 2 bean-shaped organs that lie against the spine in the lower back.
Back to Health A to Z. Urinary tract infections UTIs can affect different parts of your urinary tract, including your bladder cystitis , urethra urethritis or kidneys kidney infection. Most UTIs can be easily treated with antibiotics. If you have symptoms of a sexually transmitted infection STI , you can also get treatment from a sexual health clinic.
Urinary Tract Infection
Bladder infections almost always occur after a bacterial infection in the urine. It is the most common type of urinary tract infection UTI , with women being much more prone than men. The onset age is around 40 years, although many women can be diagnosed in their 30s. Informally known as a water infection, the medical name for bladder infection is Cystitis and it appears when Escherichia coli E. Although harmless in the bowel, E. Additionally, the close proximity of the urethral, vaginal and anal openings make it easy for bacteria to be transferred. Most women will experience a bladder infection at least once in their lives. The main symptom is pain when the bladder is full or filling.
Everything you need to know about bladder infection
A urinary tract infection, or UTI, is an infection of the urinary tract. The infection can occur at different points in the urinary tract, including:. Most UTIs are caused by bacteria that enter the urethra and then the bladder. The infection most commonly develops in the bladder, but can spread to the kidneys.
Mild cases will often get better by themselves within a few days. However, some people experience episodes of cystitis frequently and may need regular or long-term treatment. Possible symptoms in young children include a high temperature fever of 38C They may test a sample of your urine for bacteria to help confirm the diagnosis.
Bladder Infection (Urinary Tract Infection—UTI) in Adults
Cystitis sis-TIE-tis is the medical term for inflammation of the bladder. Most of the time, the inflammation is caused by a bacterial infection, and it's called a urinary tract infection UTI. A bladder infection can be painful and annoying, and it can become a serious health problem if the infection spreads to your kidneys. Less commonly, cystitis may occur as a reaction to certain drugs, radiation therapy or potential irritants, such as feminine hygiene spray, spermicidal jellies or long-term use of a catheter.
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Urinary tract infections (UTIs)
The NIDDK translates and disseminates research findings to increase knowledge and understanding about health and disease among patients, health professionals, and the public. Your age, habits, or health conditions can make a UTI more likely. Most infections in women are caused by bacteria from the bowel that reach the urethra and bladder. Most infections in men are the result of problems that restrict normal urine flow, such as an enlarged prostate. Diagnosis Health care professionals use your medical history, a physical exam, and tests to diagnose a bladder infection. If you have repeat infections, your doctor may order additional tests to find the cause of your infection.
A bladder infection, also called cystitis, is caused by an abnormal growth of bacteria inside the bladder, the balloon-like organ that stores urine. Bladder infections are one of the most common bacterial infections to affect humans, with up to one-third of all females having at least one infection at some point in their lives. Bladder infections are classified as either simple or complicated. Simple bladder infections affect only healthy women with normal urinary systems.
If you buy something through a link on this page, we may earn a small commission. How this works. A bladder infection is a bacterial infection of the bladder.